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groundhog vs muskrat

[14] When they walk on land, their tails drag on the ground, which makes their tracks easy to recognize. Groundhog vs. Woodchuck Is it a Groundhog or a Woodchuck? [88][89][90], In the United States and Canada, the yearly February 2 Groundhog Day celebration has given the groundhog recognition and popularity. Fish and frogs perish in such streams, yet muskrats may thrive and occupy the wetlands. [12][13][14] Weights of adult groundhogs, typically at least, fall between 2 and 6.3 kg (4.4 and 13.9 lb). [26], In several Native American creation myths, the muskrat dives to the bottom of the primordial sea to bring up the mud from which the earth is created, after other animals have failed in the task. [74] During hibernation, they experience periods of torpor and arousal. Likewise, great horned owls can reportedly[who?] As birth of the young approaches in April or May, the male leaves the den. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: Ecological and Evolutionary Approaches, Vol. When did organ music become associated with baseball? [5][6], Muskrats are covered with short, thick fur, which is medium to dark brown or black in color, with the belly a bit lighter (countershaded); as the age increases, it turns a partly gray in color. The groundhog (Marmota monax), also known as a woodchuck, is a rodent of the family Sciuridae, belonging to the group of large ground squirrels known as marmots. Ano ang mga kasabihan sa sa aking kababata? A mated pair remains in the same den throughout the 31- to 32-day[80] gestation period. Muskrat fur is warm, becoming prime at the beginning of December in northern North America. [51] Some muskrat push-ups are swept away in spring floods and have to be replaced each year.

[76] They emerge from hibernation with some remaining body fat to live on until the warmer spring weather produces abundant plant materials for food. [19], Trematode Metorchis conjunctus can also infect muskrats. Bolgiano, C., & Roberts, J. Here are … If you see raccoon poop in your yard, it’s likely already time to call a professional. They are not found in Florida, where the round-tailed muskrat, or Florida water rat (Neofiber alleni), fills their ecological niche.

Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. Females can have two or three litters a year of six to eight young each. [22][23] Plant materials compose about 95% of their diets, but they also eat small animals, such as freshwater mussels, frogs, crayfish, fish, and small turtles. "[87] Groundhogs cared for in wildlife rehabilitation that survive but cannot be returned to the wild may remain with their caregivers and become educational ambassadors. [56] An adult groundhog can eat more than a pound of vegetation daily. [5], Their populations naturally cycle; in areas where they become abundant, they are capable of removing much of the vegetation in wetlands. Because of the association with the "musky" odor, which the muskrat uses to mark its territory, and its flattened tail, the name became altered to musk-beaver;[4] later it became "muskrat" due to its resemblance to rats. [11]:41–43 Ken Armitage, marmot researcher, states that the social biology of the groundhog is poorly studied. The groundhog, being a lowland animal, is exceptional among marmots. Couser, W., Sargent, P., Brownhill, L. E., & Benirschke, K. (1963). [81]:316 By the end of August, the family breaks up; or at least, the larger number scatter, to burrow on their own.[82]. Becker, T. E.; Smith, D. G.; Bosakowski, T. (2006). [84], A report in 1883 by the New Hampshire Legislative Woodchuck Committee describes the groundhog's objectionable character:[85]. His natural impulse is to kill ’em all and let God sort ’em out. "[86], Groundhogs may be raised in captivity, but their aggressive nature can pose problems.

This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 19:51. [73] When the groundhog enters hibernation, there is a drop in body temperature to as low as 35 degrees Fahrenheit, heart rate falls to 4–10 beats per minute and breathing rate falls to one breath every six minutes. 129–131, Seton, Ernest Thompson, Lives of Game Animals, p. 328, Schoonmaker, W.J., The 1993 comedy film Groundhog Day references several events related to Groundhog Day, and portrays both Punxsutawney Phil himself, and the annual Groundhog Day ceremony.

Unlike other sciurids, the groundhog's tail is comparably shorter—only about one-fourth of body length.

It is common to see one or more nearly-motionless individuals standing erect on their hind feet watching for danger. When alarmed, they use a high-pitched whistle to warn the rest of the colony, hence the name "whistle-pig". When the water freezes, they continue to follow their trails under the ice.
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The burrow is used for safety, retreat in bad weather, hibernating, sleeping, love nest, and nursery. [53] David P. Barash wrote he witnessed only two occasions of upright play-fighting among woodchucks and that the upright posture of play-fighting involves sustained physical contact between individuals and may require a degree of social tolerance virtually unknown in M. monax. [79], Usually groundhogs breed in their second year, but a small proportion may breed in their first. Woodchuck vs. Groundhog: What's the Difference? Ernest Thompson, Lives of Game Animals, Volume IV, p. 300, Canadian Wildlife Federation - Faune et flore du pays -, Seton, Ernest Thompson, Lives of Game Animals. How long will the footprints on the moon last? These entrances are 6–8 in (15–20 cm) wide.

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